When Your Lawyer Passes Away: How to Protect Your Legal Rights

As a client of a solo attorney or small law firm, have you considered what might happen if your lawyer were to pass away unexpectedly? While an unset… As a client of a solo attorney or small law firm, have you considered what might happen if your lawyer were to pass away unexpectedly? While an unset…

As a client of a solo attorney or small law firm, have you considered what might happen if your lawyer were to pass away unexpectedly? While an unsettling thought, it's important to understand your rights and next steps to protect your legal interests.

When the unthinkable occurs, you'll want to act swiftly to gain access to your files, find new representation, and ensure important deadlines are not missed.

With some advance preparation, you can feel more at ease knowing how to navigate this difficult situation.

This article provides an overview of steps you should take if your lawyer passes away to safeguard your rights during this transition.

By thinking through this scenario now, you'll be in a better position to respond in a thoughtful manner if ever faced with this reality.

Understanding What Happens When Your Lawyer Dies

When an attorney who was handling your legal matters passes away, it is important to take action to protect your rights and interests.

Find Out the Status of Your Case

Contact the court where your legal matter is pending to determine its status and next steps.

The court may be able to provide information on any upcoming deadlines or hearings so you can proceed proactively.

You should also check if any motions or other paperwork need to be filed to avoid missing important dates.

Obtain Your File and Records

Request a copy of your complete client file from the attorney's office, including any correspondence, contracts, court documents, billing records, and other pertinent information regarding your legal issue.

These records belong to you and are necessary to bring a new lawyer up to speed or proceed pro se if needed.

If the office is unable to provide the file promptly, you may need to take further action.

Hire a New Lawyer or Represent Yourself

Unless your case has concluded, you will typically need to either hire a new attorney to take over the matter or represent yourself pro se.

Meet with prospective lawyers to find one you trust, provides value, and has experience in that area of law.

Provide them a copy of your client file so they fully understand the details and status.

If representing yourself, study the relevant laws and procedures thoroughly.

File a Grievance If Necessary

If you believe the deceased attorney's mismanagement of your case caused you harm, you may be able to file a grievance against them or pursue a civil claim to recover damages, though there are time limits for both options.

Consult with a legal malpractice attorney to review your situation and determine if there are viable grounds for such actions before the window of opportunity closes.

Locating and Securing Your Case Files

To ensure your legal rights are protected following the passing of your attorney, you must locate and secure any of your case files in their possession.

Check With the Firm Where Your Attorney Worked

If your attorney was employed at a law firm, contact them immediately.

Explain your situation and request that they locate any files related to your open or pending legal matters.

Ask when you can retrieve the files and if there are any fees required to do so.

It is important to obtain these files promptly to avoid complications with deadlines or other time-sensitive issues.

Contact Your Local or State Bar Association

Should you be unable to obtain your files from the law firm or if your attorney was a sole practitioner, contact your state bar association.

Explain your situation and request assistance locating and accessing your legal files.

Most bar associations have procedures in place to aid clients in these circumstances.

They may be able to intervene on your behalf to retrieve files from the attorney’s office or estate if necessary.

Review Your Files and Pending Legal Matters

Once you have obtained your legal files, thoroughly review them to ensure all documentation is present and up to date.

Check that there are no looming deadlines or unresolved issues requiring immediate attention.

You may need to retain a new attorney to handle pending litigation or other complex legal matters to properly protect your rights and interests.

By following these steps promptly, you can avoid potential legal complications and ensure a seamless transition to a new attorney.

Protecting your legal rights and matters should be a top priority if your current lawyer passes away.

With the proper intervention, you can maintain continuity in representation.

Options for Transferring Your Case to a New Lawyer

Once your lawyer has passed away, it is critical to take steps to protect your legal rights and ensure your case is transferred properly to a new lawyer.

There are a few options available to you:

Find a Replacement at the Same Firm

The simplest solution may be finding another lawyer at your current firm to take over your case.

Express your desire for continuity to the managing partner, and request that an attorney familiar with your matter be assigned immediately.

The new lawyer can get up to speed swiftly by reviewing files and discussing details with any paralegals or legal assistants involved in your case.

Hire a New Lawyer to Review and Continue the Case

You may want to do research to find an experienced lawyer in the same area of law to review your case and continue representing you.

Provide the new lawyer with details about your matter, copies of all communication with your previous lawyer, and access to case files.

The new counsel can determine the status of your case and next steps to move forward in a timely manner.

Seek referrals from friends or legal organizations to find reputable lawyers for this transition.

Request a Postponement to Find Replacement Counsel

As a last resort, you may need to request postponements from courts or other parties involved to allow adequate time to secure new legal representation.

Explain your lawyer’s unfortunate passing and your need for an extension to continue with competent counsel.

Most judges and administrators will grant reasonable postponements under such circumstances, especially if you demonstrate sincere efforts to obtain alternative representation.

The death of a lawyer can be an unsettling experience during a legal proceeding.

However, by taking quick and prudent action, you can ensure minimal disruption to your case.

Do research, ask questions, and don’t hesitate to request more time if needed to find the right lawyer to take over during this difficult transition.

With due diligence, you can get back on track with your matter and feel confident in the counsel guiding you.

Settling Accounts and Recovering Unearned Fees

When an attorney passes away, it's important to take steps to protect your legal rights and interests.

As a client, you'll want to recover any unearned fees paid in advance and obtain your files.

If you paid the attorney any retainer or advance fees that were not yet earned, you are entitled to a refund of those unearned funds.

Contact the attorney's estate executor or law firm partners and request an accounting of your paid fees versus fees earned to determine if you are owed a refund.

Provide copies of your retainer agreement, invoices, canceled checks, credit card statements or other records to verify the amounts paid.

It may take time for the executor to review records and issue any refunds owed.

Be prepared for delays and remain persistent in following up.

If needed, you may need to pursue legal means to recover unearned funds paid, though this should really be an avenue of last resort.

Obtaining Your Files

You have a right to obtain copies of files for any active or pending legal matters that the attorney was handling on your behalf.

Contact the attorney's office and request copies of your files immediately.

They should provide you copies of correspondence, contracts, court documents, research, and any other items related to your legal issues at no cost.

If the files contain sensitive or confidential information, inquire about their document retention and destruction policies to ensure there are no risks to your privacy or legal standing.

You may need to formally terminate the attorney-client relationship in writing to prevent any confusion over who represents you going forward.

The passing of your attorney can be an unsettling experience, especially if you have ongoing legal needs.

By acting promptly to settle accounts, obtain your files and clarify the status of your relationship, you can minimize disruptions and ensure your rights remain protected.

If needed, seek referrals or recommendations to find a new attorney to take over your matters.

Filing a Complaint With the Bar Association

If your lawyer passes away before completing the legal work you hired them to do, it's important to take action to protect your rights.

The first step is to file a complaint with your state's bar association.

The bar association regulates attorneys and handles complaints against lawyers.

Even though your lawyer has passed away, filing a complaint alerts them to your open case so they can take appropriate action.

Provide details about your lawyer’s passing, the work they were hired to perform, deadlines or court dates that may be impacted, and copies of your retainer agreement or correspondence with your lawyer regarding the services they agreed to provide.

The bar association may do one of several things:

  • They may close your complaint since the lawyer is deceased, in which case you will need to hire a new lawyer to take over your legal matter.

  • They could assign your case to another lawyer to finish the work or refund unearned fees.

    While rare, this helps ensure clients are not penalized due to circumstances outside their control.

  • They may investigate further to determine if any ethical violations occurred prior to the lawyer’s death before closing your complaint.

    Though unlikely to change the outcome of your open legal issue, it provides oversight into the lawyer’s practice.

No matter the outcome, filing a complaint creates an official record of your open case should questions arise later regarding deadlines or responsibilities.

Be prepared to provide copies of correspondence, filings, research or other work product from your lawyer regarding your legal matter.

The more details you can provide about the status of your case, the better equipped the bar association will be to determine appropriate next steps to protect your rights.

While an unfortunate circumstance, following procedure and filing a formal complaint helps guarantee your interests are safeguarded if your lawyer passes away before completing the work you hired them to do.

The bar association's role is to regulate the profession and protect clients, so filing a complaint is an important step to inform them of your open case.


As unfortunate as the circumstances may be, you must take action to protect your legal interests when your attorney passes away.

Do not delay in requesting your complete client file and any original documents from the attorney's office.

Review the details thoroughly to understand what matters are pending and require follow up.

You should also look for any mentions of trust account balances or unbilled time that you may be owed a refund for.

Engage a new lawyer to take over your open cases as soon as possible.

Ask them to review your file and meet with you to discuss the status of any litigation or transactions currently in progress.

Provide them with contact information for opposing counsel or any other parties involved so they can properly introduce themselves and ensure important deadlines are not missed during the transition.

Though coping with the loss of your lawyer is difficult, staying on top of your legal needs must remain a priority.

With prompt action to obtain your records, hire competent replacement counsel, and have them get up to speed on any open items, you can feel assured your rights and interests remain protected.

Despite this unwelcome change, you can move forward with confidence knowing your legal matters are in good hands.

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